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the game is a k shot roulette such that k>=3.
The min bet is 1 points.
There's 1 guy who bet 10000 points
There's n other players such that 1<=n<=11, who bet 100 points each.
Assume everyone are cowards who only pulls the gun once.
Assume the gun never jams.
Assume your max bet is 11100 points.

Chapter 1
Q1. Assume k=12 and n=2, how many points should you bet for maximum profit?

(Hint: derive the equation once and find it's root!)

2. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Fuck this equation is actually really long.

Was not expecting it to get this big. You got me T_T

3. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Yeah, I'm pretty sure I haven't made any mistakes and this does rest on solving a quartic.

The quartic in question doesn't seem to have any nice ways of being simplified. You'd just have to plug it into the quartic formula.

4. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

One can demonstrate that the average profit can be written as a function of the player's bet, like so:

E(profit)=0.25*( (10,000B)/(B+200) + (200B)/(B+10,100) - B )

Then, one can differentiate this equation w.r.t B and solving for its extrema (which will sadly be equivalent to solving a quartic).

Lastly, one can plug all these extremum values for B (along with 1 and 11100) back into the function and uncover which extremum yields the largest value for E(profit).

There are some issues with this approach. E(profit) merely represents the average amount of profit you're extremely likely to make after betting the same amount in this same scenario 100s of times. In reality you may run out of cash long before your average profit is E(profit)! Hence, this answer is highly theoretical.

5. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by Tauntshaman
the game is a k shot roulette such that k>=3.
The min bet is 1 points.
There's 1 guy who bet 10000 points
There's n other players such that 1<=n<=11, who bet 100 points each.
Assume everyone are cowards who only pulls the gun once.
Assume the gun never jams.
Assume your max bet is 11100 points.

Chapter 1
Q1. Assume k=12 and n=2, how many points should you bet for maximum profit?

(Hint: derive the equation once and find it's root!)
the root is Distorted because he is the root of all evil (tbh the same could be said to me aswell but then others call me chaotic neutral)

6. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by yzb25
One can demonstrate that the average profit can be written as a function of the player's bet, like so:

E(profit)=0.25*( (10,000B)/(B+200) + (200B)/(B+10,100) - B )

Then, one can differentiate this equation w.r.t B and solving for its extrema (which will sadly be equivalent to solving a quartic).

Lastly, one can plug all these extremum values for B (along with 1 and 11100) back into the function and uncover which extremum yields the largest value for E(profit).

There are some issues with this approach. E(profit) merely represents the average amount of profit you're extremely likely to make after betting the same amount in this same scenario 100s of times. In reality you may run out of cash long before your average profit is E(profit)! Hence, this answer is highly theoretical.
YOU GOT THE IDEA CONGRATS but no this is not the correct answer.

Plug in your equation into desmos and it yields:
10.png
However, this is only valid [9800,+infinity) due to the rule that u can't bet more than all others' bet combined. for example, in a 3-man roulette, if the other 2 ppl bet 5 and 10 pts each, and you bet 60, you bet will be automatically lowered to 5+10=15pts

Obviously on [9800,10200] there isn't a critical point, thus this is no the correct answer

7. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by Tauntshaman
YOU GOT THE IDEA CONGRATS but no this is not the correct answer.

Plug in your equation into desmos and it yields:
10.png
However, this is only valid [9800,+infinity) due to the rule that u can't bet more than all others' bet combined. for example, in a 3-man roulette, if the other 2 ppl bet 5 and 10 pts each, and you bet 60, you bet will be automatically lowered to 5+10=15pts

Obviously on [9800,10200] there isn't a critical point, thus this is no the correct answer
I'm confused about what the permitted range of betting is. Your first post says it's between 1 and 11100, this post suggests it's between 1 and 10200. Both of these ranges include 1225.

Also, regardless of what the cutoff ranges are, so long as you plug in your minimum permitted value, your maximum permitted value and then any extrema within the permitted range, you will find the highest.

Or did I mess up my equation?

8. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by yzb25
I'm confused about what the permitted range of betting is. Your first post says it's between 1 and 11100, this post suggests it's between 1 and 10200. Both of these ranges include 1225.

Also, regardless of what the cutoff ranges are, so long as you plug in your minimum permitted value, your maximum permitted value and then any extrema within the permitted range, you will find the highest.

Or did I mess up my equation?
Also that's one freaky ass graph. I kinda like it.

9. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

The answer is 5, because 5 is the default value and a good compromise of risk and reward

10. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Also if you bet 1 you get 100% profit because you're gonna win more than 1

11. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Now that I think about it, it makes sense that betting between 1 and 2 thousand is the best. It's high enough to drown out your opponent's gains if the 10,000 loses, while still being a very small bet relative to 10,000.

12. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

My great math skills lead me to believe that the answer is 42, as 42 is always the correct answer.

13. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by yzb25
Now that I think about it, it makes sense that betting between 1 and 2 thousand is the best. It's high enough to drown out your opponent's gains if the 10,000 loses, while still being a very small bet relative to 10,000.
The guy attempting to bet 10k can always only put in as much as all other players combined. You do not get 10k from him if you don't bet 10k yourself. Hence the only way to gain 100% profit is to bet 1.

14. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by Kenny
The guy attempting to bet 10k can always only put in as much as all other players combined. You do not get 10k from him if you don't bet 10k yourself. Hence the only way to gain 100% profit is to bet 1.
So, after all the bets are made, if someone's bet is larger than the sum of the other bets, their bet gets reduced to the sum of the other bets?

Am I right in thinking that the loser's pot is split proportionately to how much each person bet?

omg that explains what Taunt was saying I'm sorry XD

15. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

What about the order? With 12 shots and 4 players, on average each player will die 1/4 of the time, sure. But won’t the person going first, on average, pull the trigger the most and therefore get a larger share of the pot?

Or is the order also random?

16. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by aamirus
What about the order? With 12 shots and 4 players, on average each player will die 1/4 of the time, sure. But won’t the person going first, on average, pull the trigger the most and therefore get a larger share of the pot?

Or is the order also random?
if u assume everyone only pull once than order doesn't matter. for example, in a 3 shot roulette with 3 players:
the first player has 1/3 chance to die
the gun has 1/3 chance to fire in the first round, hence the chance of second player getting to pull is 2/3. and out of that 2/3 there's a 1/2 chance the gun will fire, 2/3*1/2=1/3
similarly, the third player has 1/3 chance to pull and 1/1 chance for the gun to fore, thus making it 1/3 also

...and the share is only dependent on your initial bet and extra pulls, not the "forced" ones

17. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by Varcron
My great math skills lead me to believe that the answer is 42, as 42 is always the correct answer.
The answer is 2 Celsius degrees, obviously.

18. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

Originally Posted by Tauntshaman
if u assume everyone only pull once than order doesn't matter. for example, in a 3 shot roulette with 3 players:
the first player has 1/3 chance to die
the gun has 1/3 chance to fire in the first round, hence the chance of second player getting to pull is 2/3. and out of that 2/3 there's a 1/2 chance the gun will fire, 2/3*1/2=1/3
similarly, the third player has 1/3 chance to pull and 1/1 chance for the gun to fore, thus making it 1/3 also

...and the share is only dependent on your initial bet and extra pulls, not the "forced" ones
let's say the 6th shot is the kill-shot.
So person 1 pulls twice total and lives
Person 2 pulls twice total and dies
person 3 pulls once and lives
person 4 pulls once and lives

Doesn't person 1 get a bonus for pulling more times?

19. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

If my understanding is correct, that'd mean that when B<9800 the equation radically simplified because the 10,000's are replaceed with "200+B" in the original equation I posted:

E(profit)=0.25*( (B+200)B/(B+200) + (200B)/(2B+300) - B )

---> E(profit)=0.25*( 200B/2B+300 )

The maxima evidently becomes 9800. You can prove this without the graph again by deriving for extremums (realizing there's no extremums) and then evaluating all the endpoints of each function.

20. Re: Advanced Mafia Calculus e1

But with a bet of 9800 you get less than 1% profit on average

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